The Holistic Approach to Recovery from Addiction
It seems obvious enough you would think. The basis of an holistic addiction treatment and rehabilitation service or holistic approach to recovery is to treat the suffering individual as the whole person they are. But what does that mean in practice in an in-patient rehabilitation programme?
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Addicted People Should Not Be Defined Solely by Their Condition
It is common for people to become defined by their illness. We can often be found referring to a person simply as an addict, a diabetic, or haemophiliac, for instance. The condition and its symptoms — in our case addiction — becomes the exclusive focus of attention and, as a result, important dimensions of the patient and his or her life can be obscured, overlooked or trivialised. We risk missing something that may be critical to their achievement of recovery.
Holistic addiction treatment recognises that addiction doesn’t just affect one part of a person but every aspect of their being; body, mind and spirit, as well as their family and wider social network. It therefore makes no sense to focus narrowly on the condition defined as addiction without carefully considering every aspect of the personal and social context in which it has emerged and now thrives. In turn it will require the whole person to engage with recovery. People will need to learn to look after their body, mind and spirit.
The Holistic Treatment Centre
An holistic treatment centre combines and indeed integrates more conventional therapies with what are often referred to as complementary therapies. While a therapy may ostensibly concentrate only on a particular area, it is understood that it will make a contribution to the improvement of wellbeing overall and therefore to recovery from addiction. For instance Art Therapy may help inter-personal communication and better self-knowledge while Massage may relieve nervous tension as part of stress management.
It is important for the holistic treatment service to have at its disposal a range of complementary therapy options as not everyone will be drawn to and derive benefit from the same thing.
How Do Holistic Therapies Help?
There is as yet only a small amount of scientific evidence to support some of these therapies. However, this is due in most cases to the fact that research into them has still to be undertaken. Some, like animal-assisted therapies, have shown promise when it comes to lowering anxiety and depression and group-based Art Therapy to improving mental health. Early recovery is not without stressful challenges so any non-addictive stress-relieving activity, like meditation, is to be welcomed.
In the meantime such therapies have become popular in addiction treatment and as such have the added benefit of helping patients participating in recovery programmes to stay actively engaged with the broader process. It would be wrong to ignore or discount patients’ self-reports of benefit while we wait for more systematically produced evidence.
If integrative holistic medicine has a mantra it is: we attend to all of you, not part of you.